Books

The Elements of Style by William Strunk Jr

1. Form the possessive singular of nouns by adding's 單數名詞字尾加’s，構成名詞所有格
2. In a series of three or more terms with a single conjunction, use a comma after each term except the last 敘述一系列超過三個以上的名詞，在最後一個名詞前使用連接詞，其餘的每個名詞以逗號分隔
3. Enclose parenthetic expressions between commas 將作附帶說明用的插入句放在兩個逗號中間
4. Place a comma before a conjunction introducing a co-ordinate clause 以連接詞 and 或 but 引介獨立子句，在連接詞的前方標示逗號
5. Do no join independent clauses by a comma 不可用逗號直接連接獨立子句
6. Do no break sentences in two 不可將句子任意拆成兩部分
7. A participial phrase at the beginning of a sentence must refer to the grammatical subject 在行末須將單詞拆成兩半時，必須遵守構字和發音的法則
8. Make the paragraph the unit of composition: one paragraph to each topic 將每個段落視為一個單位：每個段落有其中心宗旨
9. As a rule, begin each paragraph with a topic sentence, end it in conformity with the beginning. 每個段落以一句主題句 (topic sentence)開頭，結尾須與開頭呼應
10. Use the active voice. 使用主動語態
11. Put statement in positive form. 盡量使用肯定句
12. Use definite, specific, concrete language.
13. Omit needless words. 刪除贅字
14. Avoid a succession of loose sentences 避免連續使用結構鬆散的句子
15. Express co-ordinate ideas in similar form 以相似的句型結構敘述對等的概念
16. Keep related words together 將相關的詞放在一起
17. In summaries, keep to one tense 摘要敘述時，維持同一時態
18. Place the emphatic words of a sentence at the end 將欲強調的詞或詞組放在句子末尾

Grammar

a, an

See some instances below

• What is an STL sequence? // NOT What is 'a' STL sequence?
• In a single-cell organism ... // NOT An
• Assuming that you have an SSH server running ...
• It also adds an S3 print method for the returned object.
• Saving scan results in an XML format. Scan results can be written into an XML file.
• Senate Republicans and the White House should drop their inexplicable opposition to an FBI investigation.
• How to clean an RV shower.

On vs in vs for

• How to move the taskbar icons to the left on Windows 11
• 8 New features we're excited for in Windows 11

upper-left

• It's on the upper right side.
• It's in the bottom left corner.
• "at the top" or "at the bottom"
• "on the left side" or "on the right side"

Semicolon

• How to Use a Semicolon Correctly
• (From the paper "ASSESSMENT AND COMPARISON OF PROGNOSTIC CLASSIFICATION SCHEMES FOR SURVIVAL DATA") Table I. Prognostic study in node negative breast cancer: results from full Cox model and backward elimination.

$\displaystyle{ \hat{\beta} }$, estimated log-relative risk; RR, relative risk; P, P-value (full Cox model); $\displaystyle{ \hat{\beta}_{BE} }$, estimated log-relative risk of selected factors after backward elimination

which

• Source.
• If you use a French press, a percolator, or prefer to drink espresso, then your coffee consists of a significantly higher amount of cafestol than if you use paper filtered or instant coffee, which causes the body’s low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels to rise.
• Since the discovery of the coffee plant, which is said to have originated in Ethiopia when a goat herder noticed his goats’ increased energy levels after they accidentally consumed the unknown berries, science has made great advances in the coffee world.
• More examples
• The change, which is scheduled to come into effect on Jan. 1, is widely viewed as an effort by the government to satisfy U.S. prerquisites for any negotiations on a bilateral trade deal.

Comma before "which" and "who"

• When the information provided by the clause starting with "which" or "who" is required to define the person (or thing), then there are no commas.
• If the clause provides just additional information, then use commas. It also means the clause can be put in parentheses or even we can delete the clause.

Grammar-monster. Examples:

Kindness is the language which the deaf can hear and the blind can see. (which can be replaced with "that")

Philosophy is written in the universe, which stands continually open to our gaze.

The boy who broke our window brought some flowers to the door. (Correct)
It is very important that people who get the first shot of the vaccine get the second shot.

Jeremy Buxton of 16 High Street who was born in Boston is the second person from the village to represent the country at basketball. (Incorrect)

Maxn cats, which live on the Isle of Man, have a longer life expectancy than normal domestic cats. (Manx cats have a longer life expectancy than normal cats.)

Maxn cats which live on the Isle of Man have a longer life expectancy than normal domestic cats. (Only Manx cats living on the Isle of Man have a longer life expectancy.)


"for example"

• (beginning) ... For example, chalkboard paint allows kids to draw on walls.
• (middle) ... Vinegar, for example, will clean most things.
• Kelly expected us to bring our own supplies, for example, our notebooks and pens.
• Becky measured out her ingredients (for example flour and sugar) before she started baking.
• Find ways to fit activity into your day; for example, you could take the stairs instead of the elevator.
• (end) "The diet does require you to eliminate a few things from your diet—sugar, for example." "Learn a new language through immersion by changing the default language on your phone, for example."

Writing Words of Condolence

• With deep regret we say good-bye to our esteemed colleague XXX. Our sympathies go out to his family.
• I am very sorry. I like to think that they will always with us in a way. Sending love and strength to you.
• I am so sorry that you are going through this. XXXX are so special.
• My condolences to you and your family.
• Sending warm thoughts. Take good care.