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Alternative browsers

Lightweight Web Browsers

Privacy-focused browsers


How to Use DuckDuckGo's Browser on Windows



Wifi portal detection See Captive portal detection.


3 Ways Of Installing Tor Browser On Linux

Firefox ESR

Firefox Nightly

How to Install Firefox Nightly on Debian and Ubuntu

Pale Moon


Waterfox, wikimedia

Waterfox supports extensions from the Chrome Web Store, Firefox add-on store and the Opera Extensions store.

Chrome or Chromium

  • The browser engine is Blink
  • Download link: Click the first link and it'll show the build reversion number.
  • Install from ubuntu repository. sudo apt-get install chromium-browser To launch it, type chromium-browser.
  • Install the latest version of chromium.
sudo apt install curl git
git clone
cd chromium-latest-linux

# next time
Note that the chromium program is not in the global environment. That's why we use to launch chromium.
  • Arch linux
sudo pacman -Syu
sudo pacman -S chromium

Password/Keyring storage

chromium --password-store=basic
chromium  --password-store=kwallet5 # or --password-store=detect

Share a link

  • From PC or Phone: Share -> Send To Your Devices
  • From PC: Create a QR Code. Phone: Camera to scan the QR code
  • From Phone: Create a QR Code file. PC: Use a Chrome extension (like QR Code Reader for Google Chrome™) or an online tool (eg 4qrcode, QRscanner) to scan the QR code.


chromium-browser --proxy-server=""
chromium-browser --proxy-server="socks://localhost:4096" # Useful if we use "ssh -D"

Enable hardware acceleration

enable hardware acceleration in chrome / chromium browser [quick tip]


Microsoft Edge



  • On Linux, it shows "Open" icon. Files are automatically saved in ~/Downloads/MicrosoftEdgeDropFiles/Default folder.
  • On Android, it shows "Download" icon. If I downloaded the shared file, the icon was changed to "Open". Files are saved in Android/Data/ ; see How to Share Files Using Edge Browser’s Drop Feature.
    • For my Samsung tablet (Android 13) device, the directory shown on Debian 11 desktop is mtp://SAMSUNG_SAMSUNG_Android_xxx/Internal%20storage/Android/data/
    • For Boox Note Air, I need to use the BooxDrop app. Internal Storage/Android/data/
  • Every file that you share with Microsoft Edge will be stored by OneDrive in a folder named Microsoft Edge Drop Files; see How to Share Files Between Devices Using Microsoft Edge. If we delete files in Drop, the files will be removed from OneDrive (& my Samsung table device) too. But the files won't be deleted from Linux desktop according to my observation.


  • The standard Edge browser and Bing browser on Boox devices only support the phone device look and feel
  • Edge Beta, Edge Canary & Edge Dev support the tablet device look and feel on Boox devices
    • Edge Beta is a preview channel that allows users to test new and upcoming features for the browser. It has mostly stable features to test out at the cost of being behind Edge Canary and Dev. You can install Edge Beta alongside the generally released version of Edge and other preview versions of the app
    • Edge Canary is a preview channel that offers the most cutting-edge features for the browser. It is updated daily with new features and bug fixes, but it may be less stable than other preview channels.
    • Edge Dev is a preview channel that offers more experimental features for the browser. It is updated weekly with new features and bug fixes, but it may be less stable than other preview channels.


  • Based on Chromium.
  • A sidebar provides a place to quickly access your bookmarks, downloads, and history. Less standard is the built-in ability to write and save notes, also available in the sidebar.
  • While cool, Vivaldi is also a proprietary browser.
  • The proxy setting is not found in the latest version. To use it,
$ vivaldi --proxy-server=""
  • To uninstall it, open the package manager to remove it.
  • On Android, when I visited, the website displayed "Something went wrong. Please disable your blocker on How-To Geek". So I can't view the website (Brave has no problem).
    • Some websites can detect ad blockers on the Vivaldi browser but not on the Brave browser due to differences in how these browsers handle ad blocking.
    • The Brave browser uses a feature called Brave Shields to block third-party ads, trackers, and autoplay videos3. This feature is built into the browser and works seamlessly with most websites.
    • On the other hand, Vivaldi uses lists to block ads. Some websites have mechanisms to detect such lists and can therefore identify when Vivaldi’s ad blocker is being used. This can lead to the website asking the user to disable their ad blocker before they can access the content.
    • Vivaldi says its ad blocker will continue working even after changes in Manifest V3, Ad-blocker detected on some website.


  • Based on Chromium.
  • Like Chrome, Opera is closed source.
  • Ad blocking and Block Pop-ups are turned on. But it seems they are not working:( Tested on iOS.
  • To enable Desktop mode permanently: Settings - User Agent - Desktop. This will disable for the pop-up message "This page looks better in the app".


There are browsers made specifically for Linux, and GNOME Web is the most mature of the bunch.

It looks and feels like a program intended to run on Linux.

Web lacks the kind of extensions you see on Chrome and Firefox (though ad-block does come built-in).


Eolie is another browser built specifically for GNOME.

The URL bar shows a site’s title rather than the web address.


Access News Articles for Free

apt update

SOLVED: Linux .deb install gives error when you apt update a repository. To correct this you need to add the architecture parameterarch=amd64 in the deb command. E.g.

deb [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/brave-browser-archive-keyring.gpg arch=amd64] stable main


Falkon and formally Qupzilla

QupZilla is a new and very fast QtWebEngine browser. It aims to be a lightweight web browser available through all major platforms.

Wikipedia. Download: only Windows and Linux binaries (apt, flatpak, snap) are available. Testing version 3.1.0 on Debian, it works fine. It included Adblock by default. It seems Falkon and Firefox-esr (extended support release) use about the same amount of memory from my testing (~240MB for one tab) according to System Monitor.


Text browser


  • Lynx User Guide
  • What is Lynx, and how do I use it?
  • How and why to use Lynx – the faster web browser
    • g: go to some URL
    • Up/down: up/down
    • Left: back
    • Right: follows a link
    • Q: quit
    • ?: help
    • d: download the file on a link
    • /: search forward. n: forward match. N: backward match.
    • Ctrl-g: abort your connection to a slow or unresponsive link
    • o: option screen
    • If you want to always accept or reject cookies, edit ~/.lynxrc file to set accept_all_cookies=TRUE
  • In one instance the html contains Chinese characters, w3m just give GC error. I need to close the terminal. However, lynx works well. sudo apt install lynx
  • lynx supports mouse-selection while w3m does not (tested on Debian 11).
  • Change the background color. How To Change Background Color In Lynx. sudo nano /etc/lynx/lynx.lss. Comment out the 2 lines
normal: normal: lightgray:black
default: normal: white:black


It is available in NIH/Biowulf. Works well. It works better than lynx for displaying tables.

sudo apt install w3m w3m-img
  • Shift-B will take you back a page.
  • Shift-U and you’ll get an URL prompt.
  • +/Space: Scroll down a page
  • -: scroll up a page
  • g: Jump to beginning
  • G: Jump to end
  • /,C-s Search forward
  • ?,C-r Search backward
  • n Search next
  • N Search previous
  • Shift-H to view the help page if you want to see a more complete list of keyboard shortcuts.

One cool thing is I can save a file that I can't do with the wget command (if I copy the download link from chrome Downloads), such as the bam file (look at the bottom of the webpage, Output this run in XXX format to Screen/File) from SRA repository.



  • Browsh. Require Firefox.
  • Browsh – A Modern Text Browser That Play Videos and Everything

carbonyl Chromium running inside your terminal. It supports pretty much all Web APIs including WebGL, WebGPU, audio and video playback (like Youtube), animations, etc.

$ npm install --global carbonyl

added 5 packages, and audited 5 packages in 11s

found 0 vulnerabilities
npm notice 
npm notice New major version of npm available! 7.0.15 -> 9.8.1
npm notice Changelog:
npm notice Run npm install -g [email protected] to update!
npm notice 

$ whereis carbonyl
carbonyl: /home/$USER/.nvm/versions/node/v15.4.0/bin/carbonyl


User agent

Text font size

  • How to Make Website Text Larger on Android
  • EinkBro rocks!
  • On Chrome - Settings - Accessibility -
    • Show zoom option in main menu. After enabling it, go to 3 dots and we should see a Zoom option. Clicking on it and we should see a minus & plus controls at the bottom.
    • Force enable zooom
  • Vivaldi is very similar to Chrome. Zoom options on mobile devices.
  • Edge browser has no this option?
  • On Brave, Settings - Accessibility - Simplified view for web pages (Get notified when an article can be shown in simplified view). If it prompts me to view the page, I can use fingers to zoom in and it will increase the text font size. Not reliable.

Hard refresh cache

How to clear cache

How To Clear Web Browser Cache From Commandline In Linux

Read Aloud

Ads: pixels

How tracking pixels work


How to Browse the Internet Anonymously

How to Browse the Internet Anonymously

Hide geolocation on browsers

How to Hide or Fake Your Location in Chrome, Firefox, and Microsoft Edge

Anonymous Web Browsers That Are Completely Private

4 Free Anonymous Web Browsers That Are Completely Private

How to Disable the Pop-Up Blocker in Chrome, Firefox, Edge, and Safari

How to Disable the Pop-Up Blocker in Chrome, Firefox, Edge, and Safari


Hidden browser games

How to Unlock Hidden Browser Games in Edge, Firefox and Chrome. Go to chrome://dino on chrome browser.

Browse the Web Without a Mouse

6 Fast Ways to Browse the Web Without a Mouse

Download a Browser on Windows Without a Browser

5 Ways to Download a Browser on Windows Without a Browser

Password manager

Should You Pay for a Password Manger?


6 Ways to Translate Any Webpage You Visit

bing search glitch

Cursor moves to end of text when searching with Bing in Safari. The solution does not work:<